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Complete Information about Antyodaya Anna Yojana
ABSTRACT – The public distribution system (PDS) evolved as a system of management of scarcity and for distribution of food grains at affordable prices, PDS has become an important part of Government’s policy for management of food economy in the country. PDS is supplemental in nature and is not intended to make available the entire requirement of many of the commodities distributed under it to a household or a section of the so and the State Governments. The Central government, through FCI, has assumed the responsibility for procurement, storage, transportation and bulk allocation of food grains to the State Governments. The operational responsibility including allocation within State, identification of families below the poverty line, issue of Ration Cards and supervision of the functioning of FPS, rest with the State Governments.
ANTYODAYA ANNA YOJANA SCHEME(AAY) – Targeted public Distribution system is focus on the poor, under the TPDS, States are required to formulate and implement foolproff arrangements for identification of the poor for delivery of food grains and for its distribution in a transparent and accountable manner at the FPS level. A national Sample Survey Exercise points towards the fact that about 5% of the total population in the country sleeps without two square meals a day. This section of the population can be called “hungry”, in order to make TPDS more focused and targeted towards this category of population, The Government of India launched the scheme called “Antyodaya Anna Yojana” with effect from 25.12.2000. The above scheme was implemented in Tamil Nadu with effect from 1.11.2001 in urban areas and with effect from 1.12.2001 in rural areas and the collectors are over all in charge for the implementation of this scheme in the Districts. The objective of the scheme is to ensure food security to the poorest of the poor. Originally at the time of introduction of “AAY” scheme, each beneficiary was given 25 kg per month at the rate of Rs.3/- per kg. this has been increased to 35 kg of rice per card per month at the rate of Rs.2/- per kg. through fair price shops from November 2006 onwards. The Government of Tamil Nadu launched the 1kg rice at Re.1 scheme on the birth centenary of Perarignar Anna on 15.9.2008. The States are required to bear the distribution cost, including margin to dealers and retailers as well as the transportation cost. Thus the entire food subsidy is being passed on to the consumers under the scheme.
ANTYODAYA ANNA YOJANA Eligibility Criteria
As announced in the Union Budget 2004-05,AAY has been future expanded by another 50 lakh BPL families by including, inter alia, all households at the risk of hunger. Orders to this effect have been issued on 3rd august 2004. In order to identify these households, the guidelines stipulate the following criteria:-
- AAY eligibility for RURAL AREAS a. Families getting an income upto Rs.15,000 per year b. Landless agricultural labourers c. Small and marginal farmers d. Self-employed rural artisans e. Old age pensioners and destitute widows, physically handicapped persons etc., who are getting similar person from Government.(In the case of items (b) to (e) the income limit of Rs.15,000/- per annum will apply)
- AAY eligibility for URBAN AREAS a. Families getting an income pto Rs.15,000/- per year. b. Generally peo9ple living in slums c. Daily wage-earners like Rickshaw-pullers, porters, fruit and flowers sellers on pavements, domestic servants, construction workers and and other similarly placed (In the case of items (b) and (c) above the income limit of Rs.15,000 Per annum will apply) Households headed by widows or terminally ill persons or disabled persons or persons aged 60 years or more with no assured means of subsistence or societal support. With this increase , the number of AAY families has been increased to 2 crore (i.e. 30.66% of BPL families)